Friday, May 22, 2020
Civilization is Sterilization In Aldous Huxleys Brave New World (1932), the Fordist system of mass production and consumption allows governments/business to establish dependencies and control of the people in a totalitarian way. The entire society of the World State in this dystopian novel revolves around Fordism, including the way their dates begin in 1908, the year that the first Model-T rolled off the assembly line. Every year after that is considered A.F. or After Ford, instead of the Christian calendar based on A.D. or the Year of the Lord. Leaders of the World State, the Resident Controller of Western Europe Mustapha Mond, are referred to as Fords, while God is now Our Ford and all people make the Sign of the T on their chests out of reverence, replacing the sign of the cross. No books published after A.F. 150 (2058 AD) are allowed to exist, no do religions, history or museums. The World State mass produces everything, in fact, including drugs, emotions, human bodies and sexuality, while suppressing all ind ividual thought and creativity in the name of order and stability. All human beings are mass conditioned and brainwashed from the time they are fetuses to fit into a rigid caste system in which the majority are simply drones of very limited intelligence. Misfits and alienated outsiders like John, who refuse to conform or surrender their individuality, are confined on the Savage Reservation, although Huxley later said that if he could rewrite the book he would haveShow MoreRelatedWriting Strategies For Students, Proper Modeling Is Required For Essay Formats And Analysis1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Elective 1: Representing people and politics Module C explores the representations of people and politics through text to consider how texts portray perspectives on politics, Ã¢â¬Å"ideas, events or situationsÃ¢â¬ (BOSTES, 2014, p.20). Using Brave New World (1932) by Aldous Huxley, which is a prose fiction text, students are able to explore how politics and actions can influence society and lives, creating a dystopia that devalues humanity (BOSTES, 2014, p.20). As the book is a study of political agenda
Friday, May 8, 2020
LABOR UNIONS With many laws enacted to tarnish their effectiveness in the appearance of a better functioning economy, labor unions appear to have an unmistakable effect on income inequality. Western and Rosenfeld explain the power of the labor union and how important of a role it holds for its workers. Western and Rosenfeld analyzes the contributions that unions made and the consequences of their decline coupled with the rise in unfair wage distribution. Kristal supports that the lack of bargaining ability hinders the effectiveness that unions used to have and this event is the result of computer technology damaging the laborers ability to appear useful and necessary in the eyes of the capitalists. Union Influence While government policies are a part of Volscho and KellyÃ¢â¬â¢s research, they recognize that other factors affect income inequality. Strong labor unions are capable of reducing income inequality that is brought on by the decisions made in the market. The stronger a union is, the more bargaining power they possess so that they are able to fight for better pay and a more equal distribution of income. Western and Rosenfeld agree with this statement as their research pertains more on labor unions and their relationship with income inequality. During the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, labor unions were at their strongest, with as many as one in three people working in a union. From the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s to currently, not only has labor union membership decreased to single digits, but wage inequality hasShow MoreRelatedMovements for Social Change in an Integrated Global Economy Essay examples902 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIncome inequality between the rich and the poor continues to be a significant concern in the United States, prompting national headlines and serious political debate regarding governmental policy. Historically, economies based on capitalism tend to have a pro-business stance, implementing pro-business policies to spur economic growth (Zinn, 2010). The typical role of the labor union has been to help improve economic equality between workers and the companies that employ them; however, unions haveRead MoreNon Regular Workers : A Growing Reliance On Irregular Workers1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere has been a growing reliance on irregular workers who differ in the contractual relationship with regular employers. After the 1997 financial crisis in Korea, the economy experienced an increase in inequality among workers and contributed to a two-tier labor market. Regular workers employed in the public sector or large firms have traditionally been seen to be provided lifetime employments, protection against dismissals, severance pays and given access to a wide range of socia l insurance programsRead MoreThe Role Of Unions And Their Importance Has Changed Over The Years1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe role of unions and their importance has changed over the years. A mixture of poor wages, high unemployment, non-existent benefits and insignificant professional stability amongst the more youthful era makes a ready demographic for restoration. The younger era is the slightest unionized section of our general public today by a long shot. Unions are important in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society because checks and balances are necessary entities in business and government, so if CEOs are just focusing on themselvesRead MoreEssay about Marxs Theory of Alienation1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestakes place because the worker can only express this basic social aspect of individuality through a production system that is not communally, but privately owned (Marx, 2007). When applying MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of alienation to the current issue of income inequality in the global world one can see how it is possible that capitalism has led to the issues at hand. Although not a new phenomenon, globalization is on the rise, and with that, the concentration of authority among few multinationals. By the earlyRead MoreInternational Trade And Gender Wage Inequality1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand Gender Wage Inequality Motivation for the Research: In recent years, globalization and international trade has become a significant issue for countries. Consumers tend to use more goods and services and due to the lack of resources, the need to trade with other countries seems to be inevitable. Assuming that globalization would occur, labor factors become noteworthy. Although growth in international trade provide more job opportunities for people, there are still inequality in wage between maleRead MoreUrban Migration During The Industrialization1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbeginning of industrialization. In both England and China, one of the factors for urban migration was the job opportunities that were being created in the urban factories that kept sprouting up from to high demand. Due to the stability and higher income in factories, rural residents found it more promising to seek employment in the urban areas instead of working in a farm or at home. They also believed that there would be more opportuniti es for their own development in the cities. IndustrializationRead MoreNeoliberalism : A New Economic System1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageseconomic competition and innovation, but it causes unemployment in U.S as a result of cheaper labor overseas. Therefore, Neoliberal policies of the last four decades impacted U.S labor, finance, immigration, inequality, democracy, and race positively and negatively because there are gains and losses associated with neoliberal ideologies such as free trade and reduced government regulation. Labor was affected negatively because NAFTA gave U.S corporations incentives to build factories inRead MoreThe Labor Of Organized Labor During The 21st Century907 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages According to The Future of Organized Labor in the U.S. an important debate has commenced within the ranks of organized labor regarding the future of the movement. The economic and political changes that have taken place in the United States nationally, over the last thirty years as well as globally, have been a result of hostile environments for labor unions more so for workers in general not just women workers. For organized labor in the USA, the path away from oblivion must begin with theRead MoreInequality : Inequality And Poverty1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Inequality and poverty exist in our society because wealth and opportunity are inherited. If we all entered the world with an equal amount of resources, some would still rise above others but everyone would get the same chance to succeed in life. Since greed is one of the norms of our society, and wealth is passed from generation to generation, there will always be inequality and poverty. The system of wealth and inequality is actually pretty simple. It all boils down to a few things what youRead MoreThe Inequality Of The United States1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUnited States is currently experiencing increased income inequality and a large gap between rich and poor that continues to grow. After the Wall Street meltdown in 2008 and the recession that followed, economic recovery has been extremely slow and the inequality of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s income distribution seems to be intensifying. Since the recession, the top one percent of earners in the US has experienced notably higher percen tages of income growth, while the incomes of the middle class have become frozen with
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
YOUR NAME:_______________________________ YOUR TAs NAME:___________________________ YOUR DISCUSSION #_____________ THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY Department of Economics Economics 011 Section 14 Prof. Steve Suranovic Fall 2012 Problem Set #2 Ã¢â¬â Answers Answer all of the following questions from the book and those below. HW #2 is due in class on Wednesday Feb 22nd . We will write a custom essay sample on Problem Set 1 or any similar topic only for you Order Now A. Questions from Text and Readings RT Chapter 2-5 (online), Chapter 2. 4 Review and Practice (in printed textbook); Concept Problems 2, 3; (for Extra Practice complete Numerical Problems 1 Ã¢â¬â 5 (not required for HW1)) CP2. Why does the downward-sloping production possibilities curve imply that factors of production are scarce? CP2. A downward-sloping production possibilities curve shows that in order to obtain more of one good (or service), another must be forgone. That is the meaning of scarcityÃ¢â¬âthe situation where we are forced to choose among alternatives. CP3 In what ways are the bowed-out shape of the production possibilities curve and the law of increasing opportunity cost related? Answers to Extra Practice Numerical Problems Numerical Problems 1. a. The production possibilities curve is a straight line from a point at twenty trees per day on the vertical axis to four lawns per day on the horizontal axis. b. Nathan must forgo 1/5 of a lawn mowed for each tree he plants. c. Mowing a lawn requires that Nathan give up planting 5 trees. Trees planted per day Figure 2-1a 20 4 Lawns mowed per day 2. a. The production possibilities curve is a straight line drawn from four trees planted per day on the vertical axis to four lawns mowed per day on the horizontal axis. b. The opportunity cost of planting a tree is mowing one lawn per day. . The opportunity cost of mowing one lawn is planting one tree. Trees planted per day Figure 2-2a 4 4 Lawns mowed per day 3. NathanÃ¢â¬â¢s opportunity cost of planting one tree per day is 1/5 of a lawn mowed, while DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s cost per tree planted per day is one lawn mowed per day. Nathan has the comparative advantage in planting trees. DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s opportunity cost for mowing one lawn is planting one tree; NathanÃ¢â¬â¢s opportunity cost for mowing one lawn is planting five trees. David has the comparative advantage for mowing lawns. 4. a. The slope of GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s production possibilities curve is ! 1/3). b. The slope of TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s production possibilities curve is ! 2. c. The opportunity cost of a T-shirt in Germany is 1/3 of an optical instrument. d. The opportunity cost of a T-shirt in Turkey is 2 optical instruments. e. The opportunity cost of producing an optical instrument in Germany is three T-shirts per year. f. The opportunity cost of producing an optical instrument in Turkey is 1/2 a T-shirt per year. g. Germany has a comparative advantage in the production of T-shirts. h. Turkey has a comparative advantage in the production of optical instruments. . a. b. To produce one additional bowling ball per month requires reducing production of bicycles by 1/4 of a bicycle per month so the opportunity cost of an additional bowling ball is 1/4 of a bicycle. c. d. The opportunity cost of producing one more bowling ball per month in Eastern Leisureland is the production of 4 bicycles per month. e. Western Leisureland has a comparative advantage in bowling ball production because it costs less to produce them there. Eastern Leisureland has a comparative advantage in producing bicycles. f. g. 00 bowling balls per month can be produced. h. Bowling balls will be produced in Western Leisureland, and bicycles will be produced in Eastern Leisureland. E xtra Chapter B Reading (PDF file in BB Lecture Notes Folder): All problems at end of Chapter 1. Suppose Reggie has the following unit-labor requirements producing corn and wheat: aLC = 200 hrs per ton, aLW = 100 hours per ton. Nigel has the following unit-labor requirements: aLC = 300 hrs per ton, aLW = 120 hours per ton. !Ã¢â¬ #$! %'()*++Ã¢â¬â¢*,(-. /012%Ã¢â¬â¢3Ã¢â¬â¢%4Ã¢â¬â¢56$*! %-. /012%Ã¢â¬â¢/57852910*15Ã¢â¬â¢%(Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ :. /0#$*! %;#; How to cite Problem Set 1, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Table of Contents The Vision of a Movie Hitting the BullÃ¢â¬â¢s Eye: Each Shot as It Is Diving Deep into Movie-Making Works Cited In spite of the fact that film industry is rather young compared to the theater or any other spheres of art, it has its own well-established and time-tested theory. With help of numerous tricks movie can look in the most effective and convincing manner. Because of the fact that, shifting camera positions, one can obtain the most efficient perspective, the five-shot technique suggested by Mackendrick has turned out a winning method of filming.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Making the Best Shot of Your Life: Behind the Curtains of Movie-Making specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Indeed, getting the most objective picture, the audience starts believing in the movie plot from the very start, which a film-maker aims at. However, it would be quite peculiar to trace the mechanism of the shooting. Learning what makes the shots such efficient technique, one can understand the very essence of the movie-making art. The Vision of a Movie Because of its objectiveness, the five-shot technique reminds of a situation when several points of view clash into a cultural conflict. With help of this peculiar technique, the film-maker can achieve the objectiveness which will absorb the audience attention and take them on a journey into make-believe. No matter what plot stands behind the very film, the correct visualization of the scene will allow the film-maker to attract the people with the peculiar view that opens in front of them. Once a piece designed to entertain people, a movie this becomes a true life situation to consider with all the seriousness. As a matter of fact, this is the five-shot sequence which makes people consider a movie as a part of the reality Ã¢â¬â subconsciously, yet rather strongly. Thus, it cannot be argued that the famous five-shot system proves asto nishingly efficient. Now the time has come to see the technique of the famous trick. As it turns out, there are very few secrets Ã¢â¬â and a lot of logics. Hitting the BullÃ¢â¬â¢s Eye: Each Shot as It Is Because of the specifics of cinema art, it is necessary that the audience could have an overview of the whole situation in the movie. Unless the spectators have such opportunity, they will not be interested tin what is going o in the screen. Thus, the five-shot sequence invented by Mackendrick is supposed to draw peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes to the action in the screen. Creating the overall impression of the scene and giving people the background idea, the master shot allows the audience to make it Ã¢â¬Å"full of visual informationÃ¢â¬ (Mackendrick 245) and help people embrace the overall situation in the movie.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Over-the-shoulder shot, Ã¢â¬Å"a rev erse shot that is from an angle that includes a portion of the other personÃ¢â¬â¢s shoulder or headÃ¢â¬ (Hurbis-Cherrier 65) allows to consider the situation with the eyes of the movie character. Just think of what could happen if Mackendrick had not discovered his brilliant detail shot! With help of this approach, the secret meaning of the scene can be exposed to the audience without saying a word. With help of this shot, all the peculiarities of the relations between the characters come into the open, and the spectator can see what lurks behind the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ faces. A close-up shot, the shot which snatches a detail from the scene and zooms it into a complete grotesque, is another element suggested by Mackendrick. With help of this method, the idea of the movie can be exposed to the audience in the most exquisite way. Suggesting certain brainwork and containing an element of drama, this way of drawing the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s attention to certain details of the movie can be rather crude, but when used only as a hint, it can work wonders. The last, but not the least, is the complementary shot. To summarize the overall idea of the scene once again and to create a definite impression, the overall shot is used, as a rule, in the final part of the scene. Diving Deep into Movie-Making Planning a movie of my own, I would use the theory of the five-shot sequence focusing on the close-up shot. In my interpretation, the close-up scenes capturing the very essence of the scene could be a dramatic pinpoint of the entire movie. For example, shooting a drama, I would include the scene of thorough and useless search of something extremely important for the leading character, and as the vain attempts would cease, I would take a close-up of the needed object. Thus, making the movie as dramatic and tense as possible, I could create the vision of something strikingly real. Judging by the time test which the five-shot theory has passed, it proves extremely efficient for the contemporary cinema. Revealing the most incredible pieces of the plot to the audience and making them build their assumptions, it serves as the way to create a little world of make-believe where the audience could feel comfortable, a small model of real life for everybody. Lifting the curtain over the secrets of the movie plot, such technique will remain one of the greatest discoveries in the world of film-making.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Making the Best Shot of Your Life: Behind the Curtains of Movie-Making specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Hurbis-Cherrier, Mike. Voice Vision: A Creative Approach to Narrative Film and DVÃ Production. Burlington, MA: Focal Press, 2007. Print. Mackendrick, Alexander, and Paul Cronin. On Film-Making: An Introduction to theÃ Craft of the Director. New York, NY: MacMillan Press, 2006. Print. This essay on Making the Best Shot of Your Life: Behind the Curtains of Movie-Making was written and submitted by user Isabel Dawson to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Mistrust vs. Distrust Mistrust vs. Distrust Mistrust vs. Distrust By Maeve Maddox A reader wants to know if there is a difference between the words mistrust and distrust. The short answer is, Ã¢â¬Å"No.Ã¢â¬ As verbs, both distrust and mistrust mean, Ã¢â¬Å"to be without confidence.Ã¢â¬ As nouns, both distrust and mistrust mean, Ã¢â¬Å"lack of trust or confidence.Ã¢â¬ The Google Ngram Viewer graph shows distrust as the more common of the two words since 1800. When I entered various phrases, the ones that began with distrust were more common than the ones with mistrustÃ¢â¬âwith one curious exception: Ã¢â¬Å"mistrust my wifeÃ¢â¬ was more common than Ã¢â¬Å"distrust my wife.Ã¢â¬ And neither Ã¢â¬Å"mistrust my husbandÃ¢â¬ nor Ã¢â¬Å"distrust my husbandÃ¢â¬ brought up any results at all. I predict that mistrust will eventually drop out of general use. I base my prediction on the fact that a red squiggly line appears under mistrust when I type a phrase with it into the Google search box. Another clue is that the search results come up prefaced with the question, Ã¢â¬Å"Do you mean distrust?Ã¢â¬ The only possible distinction I can discern between mistrust and distrust is that mistrust is a slightly Ã¢â¬Å"softerÃ¢â¬ word that may imply some doubt that the lack of trust is justified. Here are some examples of current usage of these synonyms: Marilyns insecurity madeÃ her mistrustÃ everyone. Gen Halvorson cant resist reaching out to the little boy, despite his fathers obvious mistrust of her talents and her motives.Ã Politics has become static in America, and AmericansÃ have always distrusted politicians.Ã Ã IÃ distrust thoseÃ people who know so well what God wants them to do, because I notice it always coincides with their own desires. Ã¢â¬âSusan B. AnthonyÃ Research has found weÃ distrust those whoÃ are mean with their money. CynicismÃ is anÃ attitudeÃ or state of mind characterized by a general distrust of others motives believing that humans are selfish by nature. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Direct and Indirect Objects60 Synonyms for Ã¢â¬Å"TripÃ¢â¬ Empathic or Empathetic?
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
New Report Reveals Insights About Job Hopping Across Generations WeÃ¢â¬â¢re all familiar with the narrative: Baby Boomers are devoted workaholics, Gen Xers are ambitious revenue generators, Millennials are entitled and disloyal, and Gen Zers, who are only just entering the workforce now, are likely to be even more opportunistic than their older counterparts. The idea that the generation you belong to impacts your tendency to job hop is a popular opinion. But for the most part, itÃ¢â¬â¢s also just that: opinion. In fact, recent studies have shown that the notion that younger generations are less likely to stick around than Baby Boomers and Gen Xers is something of a myth. And now, thanks to LiveCareerÃ¢â¬â¢s 2018 Job-Hopping Report, we have a whole new heap of insights on this topic.The analysis investigated job churn across the four generations mentioned above Ã¢â¬â Baby Boomers (1946 to 1964); Gen Xers (1965 to 1980); Millennials (1981 to 1997); and Gen Zers (1998 to present) Ã¢â¬â while also looking at trends by occupation and educat ion level. What it found was that yes, younger generations do appear to spend less time in positions than their older colleagues Ã¢â¬â Gen ZersÃ¢â¬â¢ average job tenure is 1.2 years, millennialsÃ¢â¬â¢ is 2.4, Gen XersÃ¢â¬â¢ is 5.4, and Baby BoomersÃ¢â¬â¢ is 8. A comparison of the number of positions held over the past five years across generations paints a similar picture.But, according to the report, the dynamics that inform this pattern have very little to do with cohort membership.ItÃ¢â¬â¢s about career maturation, not generation Findings suggest that this trend is more linked to life and career stage than generational factors. In other words, millennials and Gen Zers arenÃ¢â¬â¢t more likely to jump ship just because they are millennials and Gen Zers, but rather because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re younger and at an earlier juncture in their careers. In fact, longitudinal surveys reveal that older generations were just as flighty when they were young professionals in a similar p hase of their work life.The report concludes that as employees move further along their career path, they tend to stay longer in roles. This is supported by data that shows that the job-hopping inclination of software developers (the vast majority of whom are Millennials) trends downwards when comparing the past two years of their careers to the past five.So, the good news for all you younger workers is that you now have a strong counterargument when someone labels millennials as the job-hopping generation. But that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean you can relax entirely. There is another demographic factor that is, apparently, a good gauge of job-hopping tendencies, and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s education.Ã The curse of being too educatedÃ Simply put, the analysis found that the more educated you are, the more likely you are to change jobs regularly Ã¢â¬â a high school graduate, for instance, tends to stay put for longer than someone with a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree. This trend is linked to another f inding that today, across a range of occupations, job seekers often possess a higher level of education than is required.For example, blue-collar workers, like servers, cashiers, bartenders, and caregivers, list higher education qualifications when they build a resume 8.3x more often than blue-collar employers include them as requirements in job ads.As being overqualified is linked to an affinity for job hopping, possessing a degree you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need for a position might damage your chances of getting the job. And because millennials are more educated than previous generations (65% have a higher education, as compared to 57.2% of Gen Xers and 48.5% of Baby Boomers), theyÃ¢â¬â¢re most likely to be hit the hardest by this truth.Ã To list or not to list qualifications on your resume? So, what do you do if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve gone to the trouble of earning a degree, but the job you want doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t call for one? To avoid being seen as a potential flight risk, consider leaving your higher education off your resume Ã¢â¬â particularly if youÃ¢â¬â¢re applying for a non-professional role. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re not promoting dishonesty, but it may be in your interest to play down your qualifications in the earlier stages of the job application process to at least get an interview.You can take this one step further when it comes to professional certifications and licenses Ã¢â¬â donÃ¢â¬â¢t even enroll for them if theyÃ¢â¬â¢re not requirements. While there are some fields where employers do value these credentials, the report indicates that there are also jobseekers in many roles who have poured time and money into training that most hiring managers donÃ¢â¬â¢t find valuable. These include administrative assistants, bartenders, cashiers, store managers, customer service representatives, sales associates and software developers.In particular, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re one of the last three, itÃ¢â¬â¢s probably not worth investing in costly certificates and testing at all.Ã Not one job ad examined for these professions made mention of any certifications or licenses, so attaining one is not only unnecessary but could make you appear overqualified.Ã The answer lies in the job ad The best way to know whether you should or shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t list your degree on your resume or sign up for that certificate program is to carefully examine job ads. And not just the ad for the role youÃ¢â¬â¢re currently eyeing; scrutinize a wide range of postings relevant to your field and take note of the highest level of education listed and of any credentials regularly cited as must-haves.Ã By doing so, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll get a good idea of the kind of qualifications employers consider critical. And if you pitch yourself at this level and make sure your resume closely matches requirements, you can avoid being labeled a job hopper, regardless of your generation.Discover additional findings on job hopping, plus a free PDF download of the full report, via this link: 2018 Job -Hopping Report.LiveCareer offers assistance to job seekers at every step of the journey. Access freeÃ resume templatesÃ andÃ resume examples, plus aÃ cover letter builderÃ and advice on how to answerÃ interview questionsÃ of all stripes.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
A Brief Literature Review - Coursework Example Biomedical discipline has recognized the significance of drawing on the wide learning potential derived from qualitative research (Black, 1994). Qualitative research has a big contribution in the fields of medicine, health and public health (Merriam et al. 40). A good qualitative research is one that went through the following 6 steps; 2. Background literature review: it helps one to find out what other people have found out concerning the question. It helps you to be well informed and be more specific about the topic. It also helps one to determine if there is need for the question to be answered (Seidman, Irving 27). Debate and guidance around the quality of qualitative research has often been overshadowed by a kind of Ã¢â¬Ëdisciplinary tribalismÃ¢â¬â¢ (Pawson, 2001) whereby polemic debate between quantitative vs qualitative theory the needs of practitioners trying to apply its findings.When one plans to asses the evaluation studies through qualitative study methods in social work, it is imperative that the question of criteria to be used to evaluate the related research studies is critical ( Seale, 2002). In public health it helpful since it does not only answer the research question of how something works but also why it is working. The department of health in 2004 reframed health in the context of its wider economic, social and cultural determinants. The parallel developments of evidence based practice and model of health improvement constitute the determinants at large of health as created by gulf between the significance of addressing health related inequalities and the critical evidenc e to help inform the practice. This translates into a mismatch between increasing multi-disciplinary models of health policy (Davey-Smith, Ebrahim, & Frankel, 2001) and a continued reliance on models of bio medically foccused evidence, emphatic on experiment concepts and attachmnt to attribution. Furthermore, alot translats to